Archives of Early Lindy Hop


Vintage Videos
Instructional Videos

First Generation:
Shorty George
Leroy Stretch Jones
Twistmouth George

The Golden Age:
Whitey's Lindy Hprs.
Sandra Gibson
George Grenidge
Leon James

   Norma Miller 
          The Queen of Swing

  View  Norma Miller dancing in "A Day at the Races."

Ann Johnson
Dorothy  Johnson
Norma Miller
Al Minns
Frankie Manning
Ruthie Rheingold
Billy Ricker
Willa Mae Ricker
Harry Rosenberg

Russell Williams

After Seben
Ask Uncle Sol
The Big Apple
Call Of The Jitterbug
Can't Top the LHop
Cootie Williams
Day At The Races 
Chicago &
All That Jazz 
Frankie Manning
 Instructional Videos 
Hot Chocolates 
Jammin'the Blues 
Jittering Jitterbugs
Killer Diller 
Malcolm X 
Queen of Swing
Radio City Revels
The Spirit Moves
Norma Miller was first discovered as a gifted young Lindy Hopper by Herbert "Whitey" White when she was just 14 years old. Since she was too young to go into the Savoy Ballroom, she often danced outside on the sidewalk where the music could be heard quite well. The first time Whitey saw her she appeared out of nowhere on the dance floor and won a Savoy dance contest with Twistmouth George as her partner. 
    Not long after that, Whitey was watching some of his dancers in a contest at the Apollo and once again saw young Norma defeat his dancers. The next day Whitey appeared at Norma's home and told her he would prefer her to dance with him rather than against him. He invited her to join Whitey's Lindy Hoppers.  Apparently he had ways of averting the authorities that enforced the laws about minors.

Norma Miller was the youngest of Whitey's Lindy Hoppers when she joined the group. She was from the start a very creative dancer with her own often comic style and she possessed an outstanding sense of rhythm. A vivacious and outspoken person, she was and still is always the life of every party. 
   Films and Documentaries
by Norma Miller
  • Swingin' at the Savoy
  • Swing, Baby, Swing
  • Redd Fox Encyclopedia of Black Humor

   Books about Norma Miller

  • Stompin' at the Savoy
                      of Swing

Swingin' at the Savoy

Swing Baby Swing

                      Fox Encyclopedia of Black Humor

Stompin at the Savoy

                Miller, photo by Joe MabelPhoto by Joe Mabel

Norma Miller has been in show business ever since those sidewalk days. After Whitey's Lindy Hoppers disbanded in the early forties, she formed her own company in California, Norma Miller's Dance Company and had her own show at the legendary Club Alabam in the Watts section of L.A. In the early fifties she, Billy Ricker and drummer Michael Silvers worked as the Del Rio Trio, until the night Sammy Davis Jr. saw the group and promptly hired away Mike Silvers to be his drummer. In the later fifties she formed Norma Millers Jazz Men, which included fellow Lindy Hopper Billy Ricker, Frankie Manning's son the tap dancer Chazz Young, Billy Dotson, Stoney Montenez and Raymond (?).

Norma Miller and her Jazz Men
Norma Miller and her Jazz
                That's Chazz Young in the center

As a comedienne, Norma worked in Las Vegas with Redd Foxx for over 10 years, including appearances in his TV show, Sanford and Son where she is remembered as the airline stewardess who offered "Coffee, tea or ME?" In the seventies she formed another Lindy Hop and jazz performance group, the Savoy Swingers. In addition to many standard entertainment venues, this group did a series of performances in the New York City puc school system, introducing African-American dance history to the new generation. 

A lifelong close friend of Frankie Manning, Norma danced with him in Spike Lee's feature film, Malcolm X and in Debbie Allen's TV Film Stomping at the Savoy, which she choreographed with Manning as her assistant. Together they choreographed the lindy hop sequence in the Alvin Ailey ballet, Opus McShan. They were featured in the Ken Burns PBS special Jazz together.

Norma Miller
              with Frankie Manning
Norma Miller with her dear friend Frankie Manning